It is a city carved and sculpted out of stone in Petra (Jordan). Declared a World Heritage Site in 1985, it was founded in antiquity towards the end of the 7th century BC. by the Edomites, later in the 6th century BC was occupied by the Nabataeans who made it prosper thanks to its location on the caravan route between Egypt, Syria, Arabia and the southern Mediterranean.
Towards the 8th century, the change in trade routes and the earthquakes that occurred led to the abandonment of the city by its inhabitants. It fell into oblivion in the modern era and was rediscovered for the western world by the Swiss explorer Johann Ludwig Burckhardt in 1812. It became well-known worldwide for its appearance in the film "Indiana Jones and the Last Crusade".
Abu Simbel (Egypt) is a complex of two temples dug out of the rock, located on the western shore of Lake Nasser, about 231 km southwest of Aswan. The construction of the temples took place during the reign of Ramses II (1279-1213 BC). They were excavated as a monument dedicated to this pharaoh and his wife Nefertari to commemorate their supposed victory in the battle of Qadesh and to show their power to their Nubian neighbours.
In order to prevent the temples from being submerged by the waters of Lake Nasser after the construction of the Aswan Dam, with international help, between 1964 and 1968, the temples were moved 68 meters higher. In gratitude for the help received, Egypt donated several temples and treasures to the collaborating countries, among them the Temple of Debod in Madrid.
8. TERRACOTTA WARRIORS
Since the beginning of time, man has built formidable constructions, from among them all there was a selection of wonders which they called "The Seven Wonders of the Ancient World", and these were:
More recently, by popular vote, the "Seven Wonders of the Modern World" were elected, but in my opinion, this list falls short because the world has a multitude of wonders worthy of being included in this list. That's why we've made our own selection with "The 8 Wonders of the World".
1. Great Wall of China
It's a palace complex and fortress located in Granada (Spain), which housed the monarch and the court of the Nasrid kingdom of Granada. It is made up of palaces with incredible patios, the fortress or military zone and some fantastic Genera life Gardens. Its stupendous Andalusian-style interior decoration and its unbeatable location make the Alhambra one of the most beautiful and visited monuments in the world.
6. CHRIST REDEEMER
In 1987, the Chinese wall was nameda World Heritage Site by UNESCO. It's an ancient Chinese fortification built and rebuilt between the fifth century BC and the sixteenth century (Modern Age) to protect the northern border of the Chinese Empire from the attacks of the nomads xiongnu of Mongolia and Manchuria. It is estimated to be 8,851 kilometres long, from the Korean border on the Yalu River to the Gobi Desert, although only 30 percent of it remains today. On average, it is 6 to 7 meters high and 4 to 5 meters wide. An urban legend claimed that the Great Wall of China is the only human construction visible from the Moon, but this legend has been shown to be untrue. It is one of the must-see places if you visit Beijing.
2. MACHU PICCHU
The statue of Christ the Redeemer or Christ of Corcovado is considered to be 38 meters high without counting the 8-meter pedestal, the largest Art Deco statue in the world.
It is a statue of Jesus of Nazareth with open arms showing the city of Rio de Janeiro, in Brazil. It is located 710 meters above sea level in the Tijuca National Park, at the top of Corcovado hill.After approximately five years of work, Christ The Redeemer statuewas inaugurated on October 12, 1931. It is not only one of the most visited tourist sites in Brazil but also a place of pilgrimage.
7. ABU SIMBEL
More Genial Things:
Built in the mid-15th century on the rocky promontory that joins the Machu Picchu and Huayna Picchu mountains (Peru), it seems that it served as the resting place of Pachacútec (ninth Inca of the Tahuantinsuyo, 1438-1470) as well as a sanctuary. Its beautiful surroundings make it one of the favorite destinations for tourists from all over the world.
The Terracotta Warriors are a set of over 8000 life-size figures of terracotta warriors and horses that were buried near the self-proclaimed first Chinese emperor of the Qin Dynasty, Qin Shi Huang, in 210-209 BC.
Located inside the Mausoleum of the First Qin Emperor, they were discovered during water supply works in March 1974 near Xi'an, Shaanxi Province, People's Republic of China. Since 1987 they have been considered World Heritage by UNESCO. The terracotta army was buried in battle formation in three moats between 4 and 8 metres deep one and a half kilometres to the east of the Emperor's tomb.
What are other Wonders of the World? Comment here
This impressive Roman amphitheatre built in the first century and located in the city of Rome is one of the most famous monuments of classical antiquity. In 1980, Coliseo was designated a World Heritage Site by UNESC004F. Work began between 70 AD and 72 AD under Emperor Vespasian. The amphitheatre, which was the largest ever built in the Roman Empire with a capacity for 50,000 spectators, was completed in 80 AD by Emperor Titus. In it, gladiator fights were held, among other public shows. Today it is one of the most visited monuments in Italy and a symbol of the Roman Empire.